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The Newest Breakthrough That Could Revolutionize Energy

Research on superstructure carbons (SCC) introduces a novel method of using carbon more effectively in energy storage and conversion, offering potential environmental benefits and performance enhancements over traditional materials. With emphasis on customizability and efficiency, SCCs could revolutionize carbon-based energy solutions, pending further investigation into their practical application and economic viability.There’s a lot of research about moving away from carbon as an energy source, but what if instead the…

Health, Aging, and Zombie Cells – Mayo Clinic Sheds New Light on Senescence

Senescence, or the state where cells stop growing and release harmful molecules, leads to various age-related diseases, with Mayo Clinic research uncovering the biology behind aging cells and identifying specific biomarkers that can predict health outcomes. A study on “rogue” mitochondria in senescent cells revealed a new phenomenon that could potentially improve health in older adults by reducing tissue inflammation and enhancing vitality.As individuals age, their cells may undergo senescence, a condition in which cell…

A Breakthrough in Optical Metamaterials

The magnetic properties of a material can affect how it interacts with light. Credit: Ihar Faniayeu/University of GothenburgResearchers have discovered how to make an optical metamaterial that would underpin a variety of new technologies.A new approach has allowed researchers at Aalto University to create a kind of metamaterial that has so far been beyond the reach of existing technologies. Unlike natural materials, metamaterials and metasurfaces can be tailored to have specific electromagnetic properties, which means…

3D Printed Titanium Structure Is 50% Stronger Than Aerospace Alloy

PhD candidate Jordan Noronha holding a sample of the new titanium lattice structure 3D printed in cube form. Credit: RMITA 3D printed ‘metamaterial’ boasting levels of strength for weight not normally seen in nature or manufacturing could change how we make everything from medical implants to aircraft or rocket parts.RMIT University researchers created the new metamaterial – a term used to describe an artificial material with unique properties not observed in nature – from common titanium alloy.But it’s the material’s…

New literacy research can help improve learning outcomes and fight global poverty

Haitian elementary school students learn to read in their classroom as part of literacy intervention efforts to improve learning outcomes. Credit: University of Notre Dame A new study by a team of University of Notre Dame researchers makes a significant contribution to understanding the factors that influence how young elementary school students respond to reading interventions in fragile and low-income contexts.…

The hidden driver of the ride-sharing economy

Credit: Pixabay/CC0 Public Domain When Greg Buchak was a graduate student at the University of Chicago, Uber and Lyft were just beginning to spread across the country. Since he didn't own a car, he found the ride-sharing apps convenient for short and long trips. Yet as a financial economist in training who studied borrowing and lending, Buchak began an ongoing debate with his friends: Were these new services actually good for…

Emergency atmospheric geoengineering wouldn’t save the oceans

(a) Annual mean global mean surface temperature above pre-industrial reference temperature (b) Change in annual mean total depth ocean heat content (OHC) relative to 2020–2030 conditions in Control. (c) Difference in vertical OHC between end-of-simulation (2090–2100) conditions and present-day conditions in Control. Credit: Geophysical Research Letters (2024). DOI: 10.1029/2023GL106132 Climate change is heating the oceans,…

Study sheds new light on ancient volcanoes’ environmental impact

Scientists analyzed mercury levels from core samples from the Mochras Farm (Llanbedr) borehole in Wales to estimate how much and how rapidly carbon was released during ancient volcano events in Earth's history. Credit: Stephen Hesselbo Massive volcanic events in Earth's history that released large amounts of carbon into the atmosphere frequently correlate with periods of severe environmental change and mass extinctions. A new…

‘Much more widespread than we thought’

Sarah Elise Sapper directed the helicopter pilot to land near the glaciers. Credit: Sarah Elise Sapper Global melting is prying the lid off methane stocks, the extent of which we do not know. A young researcher from the University of Copenhagen has discovered high concentrations of the powerful greenhouse gas in meltwater from three Canadian mountain glaciers, where it was not thought to exist—adding new unknowns to the…